Greatindonesia.co.id, Jakarta – Food security in Indonesia has actually grown strongly, but it is feared to hunt the country with a possible population growth in the future.
Population growth will put enormous pressure on a country’s education system and other social resources and is closely related to any dramatic decline in food security, Wednesday, Febuary 28, 2018.
Overpopulation in Indonesia is feared to be a major source of concern in the next century as the country’s population is estimated to reach 450 million by 2045 and is feared to reduce food resilience and security.
However, it does not necessarily have to be worrisome because the Agency for Assessment and Application of Technology (BPPT) has prepared a number of technologies to support food security in the country.
According to BPPT Director of Agricultural Production Center Arief Arianto Hidayat, some of the technologies that have been developed by the BPPT have already been used in Pelalawan district, Riau province, to increase plantation productivity.
With the technology, Hidayat explained that farmers can be more independent, and their income has so far been increasing.
One of the technologies applied in the district is the symbiosis of oil palm with cattle, that is, the palm oil can be used as animal feed after processing, while the manure from livestock can be used as plantation fertilizer.
“Thus, farmers benefit not only from oil palm, whose production is increasing, but also from the additional milk and meat production,” he explained.
Hidayat explained that the BPPT has also developed a tilapia seed, which is able to grow in various water conditions, and a hybrid corn variety, which is resistant to disease, besides having shorter harvest age, so as to reduce the use of pesticides.
The leading activities for agriculture products include the innovation of food production technology based on cassava and corn; technological innovation of food processing industry; and zinc stearate, application of Bio Peat technology for peatland agriculture.
There is also a development of complete animal feed made from raw palm waste to support national protein food security, technological innovation of prawn production with neofemale technology, horticultural seeds and plantation crops, and post-harvest horticulture technology.
All the technologies that have been developed by BPPT aim to support and improve Indonesia’s food security, the condition in which all people, at all times, have physical, social, and economic access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life.
Over the coming decades, a changing climate, growing global population, rising food prices, and environmental stressors will have significant, yet highly uncertain, impacts on food security.
However, these technologies will be vital to improve the living conditions of farmers and rural populations across the country.
Known to be the largest archipelagic country in the world, with more than 17 thousand islands, Indonesia is the fourth-largest rice producing country in the world, with its staple food production in balance with its own consumption.
Rice constitutes more than half of food crops production and consumption and plays a major role in Indonesian livelihoods.
Therefore, the government is consistent in promoting rice production, together with improving farmers welfare.
In addition to BPPT’s effort to improve food security, the leaders should not only work behind the table but also make sure that food security and food sovereignty are achieved in the field.
Indonesia has the potential to improve its food security, because it has large natural resources, human resources, culture, and market, but the country still has to work hard to catch up with India, Vietnam, and even Singapore, which currently have strong food security.
But Indonesia has abundant natural and human resources, strong economic performance, and food market, and if all these potential are managed properly, the country would be able to develop its food security to be in par with other nations that have strong food security.
In addition, diversification of farm products will also enhance food security, as the country had diverse plant and animal species.
Among the local food commodities that were developed to support the food diversity program were sago, corn, cassava, sweet potato, and sorghum.
Hence, the governors, district heads, and city mayors should play an important role in national food security because they determine the pace of achieving the food security target.
Without the complete attention of the governors, district heads, and mayors, among others, the food security program will work slowly.
Food security should be viewed from a national perspective. Regions with potential in the agricultural sector must be committed to producing farm commodities to subsidize other regions, which do not have strong agricultural potential.
The food sector must also have good production and distribution systems to better address food problems.
Food production in Indonesia, in general, was in balance with the population growth, but it was barely enough and remained vulnerable.
Therefore, the country is firmly committed to strengthening global efforts to overcome poverty and food insecurity through effective, competent, and reliable global food governance. (otd)
MINISTRY TO SPEED UP DEVELOPMENT OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY INDUSTRY
Greatindonesia.co.id, Jakarta – Indonesia’s Communication and Informatics Ministry would speed up the development of the information technology industry in the country.
Minister of Communication and Informatics, Johnny G Plate, said at the Presidential Palace here on Thursday (25/10/2019) that he has in place some measures to speed up the development of information technology.
“There are some moves that need to be accelerated to proceed with the deregulation in the ministry,” Plate said.
He added that the ministry would also focus on other issues including data sovereignty, cyber security and cyber crime.
The first plenary meeting of the Indonesia Moving Forward cabinet on Thursday did not specifically mention the ministry in the discussion, according to the minister.
“The Communication and Informatics Ministry was not specifically discussed during the meeting. But there are some moves that need to be accelerated, to proceed with deregulation in the ministry,” he said.
During the plenary meeting, President Joko Widodo directed cabinet members to ensure the smooth implementation of his five priority programs. He also focused on measures to create jobs.
“That should become the main focus, the goal of all the government’s measures is to create jobs,” Plate said. (ran)
NEW MINISTER TO REVITALIZE MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY FOR GROWTH
Greatindonesia.co.id, Jakarta – Industry Minister Agus Gumiwang has stated that he plans to revitalize the manufacturing industry to boost growth.
“Breakthroughs must be sought for this, and we know that Indonesia’s market size is quite good,” the new minister, who was appointed by President Jokowi Wednesday (23/10/2019), told the press at the State Palace, here Thursday. The President ordered an improvement in the quality of human resources to meet the needs of Industry 4.0, he said.
Vocational education must meet international standards if we have to develop human resources, he remarked.
Jokowi also wanted regulations simplified to attract more investments.
“Within a month, every ministry, including the industry ministry, must report to me about regulations that need to be improved to attract investors and boost industry, which in turn is expected to create job opportunities,” Jokowi said.
While chairing a plenary cabinet meeting here Thursday, he said incentives must be awarded to industries oriented for export increase and those producing goods to substitute imports.
Jokowi also asked every ministry and related institutions as well as regional administrations to focus on job creation.
At the meeting, he also warned his cabinet members about working in cooperation as one team, instead of implementing their own programmes to boost Indonesia’s development.
“Our work is teamwork. It is not the goals belonging to each minister. It is not a sectoral ego,” said Jokowi, who was accompanied by Vice President Ma’ruf Amin at the meeting, held a day after Jokowi and Amin announced their new cabinet line-up.
In building a great nation such as Indonesia, the ministries and government agencies cannot work in isolation with their agendas, he said.
Instead, all ministries will be supervised by coordinating ministries, said the President.
Therefore, all ministers should be present if they are invited by their coordinating ministries to strengthen teamwork among related ministries for advancing the country’s development goals, he said. (bay)
INDUSTRY MINISTRY TO SCRAP 18 REGULATIONS
Greatindonesia.co.id, Jakarta – The Industry Ministry, Airlangga Hartarto, plans to scrap 18 regulations as part of efforts in preparation for the continuing US-China trade war which is predicted to lead to a global crisis.
“Eighteen regulations are under the final process, with 12 of them being scrapped and six others being simplified. The process has been accelerated so they can be implemented before the inauguration of the new cabinet,” Hartarto said in a statement released on Wednesday (16/10/2019).
The 18 regulations mostly deal with the procurement of raw materials for industry, particularly the metal industry.
The metal industry is one of the main sectors because other industries need its products. In addition, the metal industry is also important because its derivative products are export-oriented, he said.
“Metal is a raw material for many industries. In fact, the metal industry has asked for protection,” he said.
The products of the metal industry will be protected by issuing the industry minister’s regulation. The regulations related to raw materials will be eased for domestic and export markets.
The decision to scrap some regulations in the industrial sector was based on inputs from business agents and upon instructions from President Joko Widodo.
The facility is expected to attract more foreign and local investors to realize their investment plans and business expansion so that they can deepen the structure and improve the competitive edge of the domestic industry. (ran)
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