Greatindonesia.co.id, Jakarta – Food security in Indonesia has actually grown strongly, but it is feared to hunt the country with a possible population growth in the future.
Population growth will put enormous pressure on a country’s education system and other social resources and is closely related to any dramatic decline in food security, Wednesday, Febuary 28, 2018.
Overpopulation in Indonesia is feared to be a major source of concern in the next century as the country’s population is estimated to reach 450 million by 2045 and is feared to reduce food resilience and security.
However, it does not necessarily have to be worrisome because the Agency for Assessment and Application of Technology (BPPT) has prepared a number of technologies to support food security in the country.
According to BPPT Director of Agricultural Production Center Arief Arianto Hidayat, some of the technologies that have been developed by the BPPT have already been used in Pelalawan district, Riau province, to increase plantation productivity.
With the technology, Hidayat explained that farmers can be more independent, and their income has so far been increasing.
One of the technologies applied in the district is the symbiosis of oil palm with cattle, that is, the palm oil can be used as animal feed after processing, while the manure from livestock can be used as plantation fertilizer.
“Thus, farmers benefit not only from oil palm, whose production is increasing, but also from the additional milk and meat production,” he explained.
Hidayat explained that the BPPT has also developed a tilapia seed, which is able to grow in various water conditions, and a hybrid corn variety, which is resistant to disease, besides having shorter harvest age, so as to reduce the use of pesticides.
The leading activities for agriculture products include the innovation of food production technology based on cassava and corn; technological innovation of food processing industry; and zinc stearate, application of Bio Peat technology for peatland agriculture.
There is also a development of complete animal feed made from raw palm waste to support national protein food security, technological innovation of prawn production with neofemale technology, horticultural seeds and plantation crops, and post-harvest horticulture technology.
All the technologies that have been developed by BPPT aim to support and improve Indonesia’s food security, the condition in which all people, at all times, have physical, social, and economic access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life.
Over the coming decades, a changing climate, growing global population, rising food prices, and environmental stressors will have significant, yet highly uncertain, impacts on food security.
However, these technologies will be vital to improve the living conditions of farmers and rural populations across the country.
Known to be the largest archipelagic country in the world, with more than 17 thousand islands, Indonesia is the fourth-largest rice producing country in the world, with its staple food production in balance with its own consumption.
Rice constitutes more than half of food crops production and consumption and plays a major role in Indonesian livelihoods.
Therefore, the government is consistent in promoting rice production, together with improving farmers welfare.
In addition to BPPT’s effort to improve food security, the leaders should not only work behind the table but also make sure that food security and food sovereignty are achieved in the field.
Indonesia has the potential to improve its food security, because it has large natural resources, human resources, culture, and market, but the country still has to work hard to catch up with India, Vietnam, and even Singapore, which currently have strong food security.
But Indonesia has abundant natural and human resources, strong economic performance, and food market, and if all these potential are managed properly, the country would be able to develop its food security to be in par with other nations that have strong food security.
In addition, diversification of farm products will also enhance food security, as the country had diverse plant and animal species.
Among the local food commodities that were developed to support the food diversity program were sago, corn, cassava, sweet potato, and sorghum.
Hence, the governors, district heads, and city mayors should play an important role in national food security because they determine the pace of achieving the food security target.
Without the complete attention of the governors, district heads, and mayors, among others, the food security program will work slowly.
Food security should be viewed from a national perspective. Regions with potential in the agricultural sector must be committed to producing farm commodities to subsidize other regions, which do not have strong agricultural potential.
The food sector must also have good production and distribution systems to better address food problems.
Food production in Indonesia, in general, was in balance with the population growth, but it was barely enough and remained vulnerable.
Therefore, the country is firmly committed to strengthening global efforts to overcome poverty and food insecurity through effective, competent, and reliable global food governance. (otd)
FISHERY MINISTRY EYES FOR 10.99 MILLION TONS SEAWEED YIELD IN 2020
Greatindonesia.co.id, Jakarta – Indonesia’s Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries increases a seaweed production target in 2020 to 10.99 million tons, from 9.9 million tons in 2019, a director general said in a statement here, on Sunday (19/1/2020).
The ministry has prepared initiatives and strategies for the next five years to raise seaweed production which covers 60.7 percent of the total fishery yield in the country, Director General of Aquaculture, Slamet Soebjakto stated in Jakarta, Sunday (19/1/2020).
The strategy launched by the ministry aims to assure the quality and quantity of the seaweed yield this year, as the it has been part of the country’s top export commodity.
“The Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Ministry has committed to increase seaweed exports as an effort to support Indonesia’s economy growth,” Soebjakto remarked.
According to records of UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) in 2019, Indonesia is the world’s largest producer for Eucheuma or gusô (Eucheuma cottonii), a type of seaweed algae that commonly used as raw materials for carrageenan, an ingredient for cosmetics, food and drinks, as well as industrial manufacturing.
Indonesia also covers at least 80 percent of market share of seaweed trade in global market with China ranked first as top export destination for the product.
However, the ministry plans to increase added-value of Indonesia’s seaweed by restricting export of raw seaweed this year, Soebjekto remarked.
He expounded the ministry will increase exports more semi-refined carrageenan and refined carrageenan by 50 percent this year, as for the past years the raw seaweed export to China had reached nearly 80 percent. (ant)
INDONESIA PLANS TO SLASH OIL IMPORTS TO OVERCOME TRADE DEFICIT
Greatindonesia.co.id, Jakarta – The plan of the Energy and Mineral Resources Ministry to slash oil imports by state oil and gas company, Pertamina, is aimed at overcoming the country’s trade deficit, the Upstream Oil and Gas Regulatory Special Task Force, SKK Migas, said.
The Energy and Mineral Resources Ministry will reportedly cut crude oil imports by 30 million barrels per year.
“This is part of our efforts to deal with the trade deficit. Only crude oil import will be reduced. If crude oil imports are reduced, then we must optimize domestic production,” Chief of SKK Migas, Dwi Soetjipto, said at the SKK Migas Office in Jakarta on Wednesday (15/1/2020).
The Central Statistics Agency (BPS) announced earlier that Indonesia’s balance of trade recorded a deficit of US$3.2 billion last year.
Since the quota of Pertamina’s oil import has been reduced, the country must push domestic fuel production through the mandatory use of 30 percent blended biodiesel (B30) in 2020, he said.
The Energy and Mineral Resources Ministry has targeted the production of biodiesel or fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) to reach 10 million kiloliters, with the domestic use of B30 projected to reach 9.6 million kiloliters.
Since the introduction of B30 late last year, the government has been able to curb fuel oil imports.
The use of biodiesel throughout 2019 reached 6.25 million kiloliters, or equivalent to US$3.35 billion or Rp48.19 trillion that the government could save, he said.
“The use of biodiesel will reduce (oil) imports,” Soetjipto said. (ant)
A LEGISLATOR APPRECIATES GARUDA’S DECISION TO AVOID IRAN’S AIRSPACE
Greatindonesia.co.id, Pati – A member of the House of Representatives (DPR) supports and appreciates Garuda Indonesia’s decision to reroute its flights to Europe to circumvent the airspace over Iran for the sake of aviation safety and security.
“As a national flag carrier, Garuda must prioritize the safety and security of its passengers,” Marwan Jafar, member of the National Awakening Party (PKB) faction, here on Sunday (12/1/2020) commenting on Garuda Indonesia’s decision which was made following the crash of a Ukrainian plane inside Iran.
According to BBC, the Ukraine International Airlines (UIA) Flight PS752 which carried 176 people on board was brought down by a missile shortly after taking-off from an Irainian airport on Wednesday (8/1/2020).
Jafar said all passengers of any airline, including Garuda, demand safe, secure, and comfortable flights so that they are able to arrive at their destinations safely. Therefore, the airlines should not take any risk for their passengers’ safety.
Many other airlines, including Singapore Airlines and Thai Airways, have also avoided the Iranian and Iraqi airspace following the Ukrainian plane crash amid growing tensions of the US-Iran relationship after Washington killed a top Iranian general.
The US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has also banned the country’s operators from flying over the airspace owing to the soaring tensions of the US-Iran relationship.
In response to the recent killing of General Qassem Solaimani in a US airstrike in Iraq, Iran launched a retaliation attack on a US military compound in Iraq.
Acting Director of Operation of the airlines Tumpal M. Hutapea noted in a recent statement that Garuda Indonesia would adjust its flight route from and to Europe, which earlier passed over the airspace of Bucharest to the airspace of Egypt and Greece.
“Hence, all Garuda Indonesia services on the route can run normally,” he said, adding that Garuda would closely monitor developments of the situation in the region.
“We will intensively watch the development of the situation and coordinate with all stakeholders to ensure safety and security of Garuda Indonesia’s operation,” he remarked. (ant)
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