Greatindonesia.co.id, Jakarta – Indonesia will re-export illegal plastic waste entering the country, Environment and Forestry Minister Siti Nurbaya said, following news of the illegal import of plastic waste in Gresik, East Java.
“The waste that enters Indonesia, which has plastic, is definitely not legal. And basically the provisions are there, therefore we will perform a re-export,” Nurbaya said in Jakarta on Monday (10/6/2019).
The import of illegal plastic waste is not a new problem. From 2015 to 2016, Indonesia re-exported dozens of containers of plastic waste.
According to Nurbaya, the steps for re-exporting are currently being discussed at the level of director general of related ministries, including Coordinating Ministry for Economic Affairs, the Trade Ministry, as well as the Finance Ministry’s Customs and Excise Office.
Waste in the form of plastic chips mixed with paper that cannot be recycled, as well as plastic waste whose shapes vary in the form of bottles, sachets, food packaging, personal care and household products, have been found in Gresik.
According to Indonesian Center for Environmental Law researcher Fajri Fadillah, imports of plastic waste in Gresik are prohibited and punishable as crimes, based upon Article 29 Paragraph (1) Letter B, in conjunction with Article 37 Paragraph (1) of Law Number 18 Year 2008 concerning Waste Management.
“Officials must investigate the case of importing plastic waste. In addition, the Trade Minister must revoke import approvals for paper producer importers who do not report the plastic waste they import. Furthermore, applications for import approvals must be reviewed by the Trade Minister by consulting the Environment and Forestry Ministry,” Fadillah said.
He also said that the implementation of two rules regarding imported waste, Law Number 18 of 2008 concerning Waste Management and Minister of Trade Regulation (Permendag) Number 31 / M-DAG / PER / 5/2016 concerning Import of Non-Hazardous and Toxic Waste to control the import of waste, needs to be monitored.
“The government needs to re-evaluate companies that have plastic and paper scrap import licenses, to learn whether they are acting in accordance with licensing, and whether their practices pollute the environment,” Fadillah said.
In 2018, data from the Central Statistics Agency (BPS) showed an increase of 141 percent (283,152 tons) in imports of plastic waste in Indonesia.
This figure was the highest for imports of plastic waste in the past 10 years. In 2013, the import of plastic waste was some 124,433 tons. However, the increase in imports is not in balance with export figures, as export figures declined 48 percent (98,450 tons) in 2018.
This figure indicates that there are 184,702 tons of waste still in Indonesia, beyond the burden of domestic waste management in the country itself, Fadillah said.
Environmental activist from Bali Fokus, Mochamad Adi Septiono, also said that Indonesia should anticipate the impact of China’s National Sword policy, which strictly limits the import of plastic waste. China previously took in 45.1 percent of the world’s waste, but since March 2018 it has limited imports of garbage.
“The garbage produced by countries such as America is usually sent to China, now that China has implemented its policy, ASEAN countries, such as Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam, are being targeted,” he said. (vir)
MINISTRY OF FINANCE ENCOURAGES GEOTHERMAL ENERGY EXPLORATION
Greatindonesia.co.id, Jakarta – The Ministry of Finance is encouraging exploration and investment in the geothermal energy sector by preparing risk mitigation through the Government Drilling program.
“This program assists the government in new well exploration which is currently considered costly and risky,” Director General of State Wealth Isa Rachmatarwata said in a discussion in Jakarta, Wednesday. Investing in the country’s geothermal energy is still a stumbling block since the private sector is reluctant to take a risk in exploring power sources, Isa noted.
Keeping that in mind, the government has formulated the so-called Government Drilling program aimed at mitigating risks in each exploration activity, he said.
This program involves three Special Mission Vehicles (SPV) of the Finance Ministry, namely PT Sarana Multi Infrastruktur, PT Geo Dipa Energi, and PT Penjaminan Infrastruktur Indonesia (PII).
The three public service bodies make applicative approaches and adopt industrial governance in finding geothermal energy sources. The measures include planning and budgeting, procurement, operation and execution.
After the energy sources are discovered, they can be offered to investors interested in developing geothermal energy, he said.
“When a well is found and is economically sufficient to generate electricity, it will be offered to parties that are willing to conduct explorations,” he said.
He expressed the hope that the risk of geothermal energy exploration, which is currently considered costly and less attractive to investors, could be reduced.
“This does not mean that private companies are not allowed to find energy sources. They can do it but their numbers are not large if not zero. Therefore, the government is willing to take the initiative to ensure that investment does not run slowly,” he said. (sty)
COCOA INDUSTRY CONTRIBUTES US$1.13 BILLION TO FOREIGN EXCHANGE
Greatindonesia.co.id, Jakarta – The majority of Indonesian-processed cocoa products were exported and contributed US$1.13 billion in foreign exchange in 2018.
Indonesia exported 85 percent of its total production of cocoa or 328,329 tons, last year and marketed the rest totaling 58,341 tons of cocoa domestically. The cocoa processing industry is one of the prioritized sectors, according to the 2015-2035 National Industrial Development Master Plan (RIPIN), the government has stated.
“Moreover, the cocoa processing industry is also part of the food and beverage industry which is a mainstay of the Making Indonesia 4.0 roadmap. This sector involves a lot of small and medium industries,” Industry Minister Airlangga Hartarto said in a statement Tuesday (17/9/2019).
The development of the national downstream processing industry is directed to produce cocoa or cocoa powder, cocoa fat or cocoa, chocolate food and beverages, supplements, cocoa-based functional foods, as well as cosmetics and pharmaceuticals, the minister emphasized.
Indonesia is currently the third-largest producer of processed cocoa in the world after the Netherlands and Ivory Coast.
The national cocoa processing industry has produced cocoa liquor, cocoa butter, cocoa cake, and cocoa powder.
“As one of the countries producing cocoa beans, Indonesia already has 20 companies processing cocoa. We continue to encourage increased utilization, while also spurring the productivity of domestic cocoa beans to maintain the supply of raw materials,” Hartarto noted.
Based on the data of the International Cocoa Organization (ICCO), Indonesia ranks sixth among the producers of cocoa beans in the world after Ivory Coast, Ghana, Ecuador, Nigeria and Cameroon with production volumes reaching 220,000 tons in 2018.
“To develop the cocoa processing industry and increase its added value, the government encourages the development of the downstream cocoa industry, which is cocoa and chocolate-based food,” Hartarto said.
One of the measures is to support the promotion of Indonesian processed cocoa and chocolate products to increase domestic consumption.
Furthermore, the cocoa processing industry is expected to continue to grow and develop, because its products have become part of the current lifestyle. (spg)
INDONESIA’S STOCK, BONDS MARKET ATTRACTIVE : INVESTMENT STRATEGIST
Greatindonesia.co.id, Jakarta – The Indonesian stock and bond market remains an attractive option amid the global economic turmoil, an investment strategist at an asset management corporation in Indonesia believes.
“The stock market still provides attractive investment opportunities because of its valuation. There is also the potential growth of the corporation’s profit which is estimated to be around nine percent this year,” the Chief Economist and Investment Strategist Manulife Asset Management Indonesia, Katarina Setiawan, said in a statement received here, Monday (16/9/2019).
Going forward, there are several catalysts for the stock market, including further interest rate cuts by Bank Indonesia, accelerated policy reforms by the government, improved data on economic activity, and corporate tax cuts, she stated.
Amidst the current low interest rates, Indonesian bonds are very attractive because they still provide high yields.
“The central bank’s commitment to safeguarding the Rupiah exchange rate and the bond market provides a positive sentiment for Indonesian bonds,” she said.
Turmoil and volatility in the financial markets are not uncommon, she said advising investors to always keep an eye on every development.
“Keep in mind that there are always opportunities in every condition, even amidst high global volatility. Do not be afraid to invest and adjust your investment portfolio, with targeted investment objectives and time frames,” she said. (INE). (cta)
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